Coal India Limited (CIL) as an organized state owned coal mining corporate came
into being in November 1975 with the government taking over private coal mines.
With a modest production of 79 Million Tonnes (MTs) at the year of its inception
CIL today is the single largest coal producer in the world. Operating through 81
mining areas CIL is an apex body with 7 wholly owned coal producing subsidiaries
and 1 mine planning and consultancy company spread over 8 provincial states of India.
CIL also fully owns a mining company in Mozambique christened as 'Coal India Africana
Limitada'. CIL also manages 200 other establishments like workshops, hospitals etc.
Further, it also owns 26 technical & management training institutes and 102 Vocational
Training Institutes Centres. Indian Institute of Coal Management (IICM) as a state-of-the-art
Management Training 'Centre of Excellence' - the largest Corporate Training Institute
in India - operates under CIL and conducts multi disciplinary management development
CIL having fulfilled the financial and other prerequisites was granted the Maharatna
recognition in April 2011. It is a privileged status conferred by Government of
India to select state owned enterprises in order to empower them to expand their
operations and emerge as global giants. So far, the select club has only five members
out of 217 Central Public Sector Enterprises in the country.